The Negotiation Sourcebook, Second Edition
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The Negotiation Sourcebook, Second Edition
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One-Stop Border Post (OSBP) Sourcebook, 2nd edition - tralac trade law centre
Return policy. Refer to eBay Return policy for more details. You are covered by the eBay Money Back Guarantee if you receive an item that is not as described in the listing. Payment details. Payment methods. Other offers may also be available. Interest will be charged to your account from the purchase date if the balance is not paid in full within 6 months. Minimum monthly payments are required. Subject to credit approval. See terms - opens in a new window or tab. Asherman , P Back to home page. While the 1st edition of the OSBP Sourcebook — published in September — proved to be a unique and useful tool for implementers of OSBPs, there was a need to update this reference so that implementers can learn from current knowledge, experience, and good practices rather from knowledge from a few years ago.
One of the modern approaches for improving border operations is the establishment of one-stop border posts OSBPs. Following the launch of the Chirundu OSBP, with the support of development partners, the concept and development of OSBPs has expanded rapidly with the support of development partners as one of the major tools to tackle impediments to the growth of trade in Africa. As a trade facilitation tool applied at borders, the OSBP concept promotes a coordinated and integrated approach to facilitating trade, the movement of people, and improving security.
The concept eliminates the need for travelers and goods to stop twice to undertake border crossing formalities. The OSBP concept calls for the application of joint controls to minimize routine activities and duplications. Legal and Institutional Framework: Under international law, it is generally agreed that the application of national laws is limited to the territory of a state.
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As a consequence, OSBPs rely on the principle of extraterritorial application of laws, which allows a state to extend the application of specific national laws outside its own territory. Implementation of OSBPs, therefore, demands that a detailed analysis of the legislative, regulatory and institutional framework governing the operations of border agencies is undertaken.
At a typical border post, there are several government agencies that are responsible for border controls. For efficient and effective OSBP operations, these agencies need to operate in a coordinated manner to minimize duplications and redundancies. Whereas users would be required to stop once in order to undertake exit and entry formalities at a border, subjecting such users to routine and redundant formalities would have little impact on reducing the time spent at the border.
The process of reviewing and aligning procedures should be continuous in order to ensure that OSBPs operate with border crossing procedures that are not only effective but also facilitative and relevant to the prevailing circumstances. ICT and Data Exchange: ICT is a critical component of collaborative single window systems, simplification of documentation, border management, and modernization of customs, immigration, and related services.
The increase in the number of travelers along with increases in volumes of vehicular traffic and cargo at borders requires a strategic balance between controls and facilitation. Hard Infrastructure: This includes OSBP facilities such as offices for border officials, operational equipment, warehouses, and parking.
While all border posts require physical facilities for border operations, the level of facilities required depends on the type and size of operations at a border post. One important factor for evaluating the performance and determining the attractiveness of a transport corridor is the efficiency of border crossing points along a corridor. Transit-related controls along a corridor occur at three main control points: seaports or airports, land border crossing points between countries, and at inland clearance facilities.
In this regard, land border crossing points serve as nodes that link different points along a corridor and are vital for international trade. By facilitating international trade and cross-border movement of people, border crossing points contribute to the growth of national, regional, and international economies. The situation is particularly acute for landlocked countries in Africa, a continent where border delays and transport costs are among the highest in the world.
In addition, depending on the level of interdependence, the social and economic welfare of people living in border communities is also affected by border operations. Linking border crossing points into global value chains can either be through forward linkages where the country provides inputs into exports of other countries or through backward linkages where the country imports intermediate products to be used in its exports.
In choosing border crossing points to convert to OSBPs, consideration should be given to corridors that have the potential for contributing to the economic transformation of the areas they serve. Consideration should also be given to corridors that have high potential for traffic growth. Along a corridor, border crossings may be similarly prioritized, but considering that a multi-country corridor may operate as an integrated system, it may be necessary to develop all border crossings along a corridor, concurrently or otherwise sequentially.
In addition, traffic diversion effects among complex corridors, such as the North-South Corridor in Southern Africa which traverses eight countries , may need to be taken into account. The major reason for establishing OSBPs along transport corridors is to expedite the movement of goods and people, and to reduce transport costs across national boundaries.
At an OSBP, travelers and vehicles stop once for undertake border crossing formalities to exit one country and enter the other. All border formalities and the processing of documentation for goods and travel are carried out in a single clearance hall for exiting one country and entering the adjacent country. If cargo inspection is required, it is done once through a joint inspection involving all the necessary agencies of both countries at the same time. For passenger cars and buses, the introduction of OSBP procedures almost immediately cuts border processing time in half.
For example, at a traditional two-stop border, buses stop at one side of the border and the passengers go into the border facility for processing. Luggage and cargo are offloaded and inspected as needed. This may take hours, after which the bus is driven to the other side of the border and the same processing is repeated for another hours. In contrast, in an OSBP passengers enter one facility for exit and entry formalities. Cargo is offloaded once and is inspected jointly.
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In an OSBP, the clearance of passengers and their luggage is typically done in less than an hour. Border controls for cargo in a traditional two-stop border post can take as long as days for various reasons.